Professor Alan Rugman
At the Academy of International Business
(AIB) conference in Vancouver, June 2014, I had the honour of sharing the AIB Fellows Plenary
with Alan Rugman. In his usual eloquent yet provocative style,
he challenged all of us to consider the CSA/FSA framework as
pivotal tool for analyzing the multinational enterprise, and to
consider the regional rather than global strategies as drivers
of foreign investment. As usual his contribution provoked most
questions - and challenges - from the audience.
It was my first appearance on an AIB Fellows Panel, and what
nobody expected at the time, it was Alan's last. Only two weeks
after AIB 2014 Alan passed away.
This website is to honour Alan's contribution to scholarly
research in International Business, and the 'Theory of
the Multinational Enterprise' in particular. Alan has always been
a man of debate, in fact he not only liked to challenge other
scholars, he appreciated well founded challenges to his own
work. The best way to honour his contribution will be to
continue our scholarly debates! In this spirit, I am here
providing the powerpoint presentations of the four panelists of
the AIB Fellows Plenary in Vancouver, followed by a few further
momentos and links.
Photo: Alan Rugman with Danny
Shapiro in Vancouver
Alain Verbeke, University of Calgary
Introduction: Dimensions of Context in International Business
China Europe International Business School:
Context as the
Focal Concept in International Business Research
Internationalization and International Entrepreneurship: A
Alan Rugman, University of Reading
Regional Context as the New Frontier in MNE Strategy Research
Alan Rugman at AIB 2014
Left to right: Robert Grosse, Alain Verbeke, Ravi Ramamurti,
Domic Barton (McKinsey), Daniel Shapiro, Klaus Meyer (hiding
behind Danny), George Yip, Alan Rugman [photo by Gary
Alan's Publications - My Favorites
On the Theory of the Multinational Enterprise (MNE)
Rugman, Alan M. (1980), ‘Internalization as a general theory of foreign direct
investments: A re-appraisal of the literature’,
Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv, 116 (2), 365–379.
Rugman, Alan M. 1982.
New Theories of the Multinational Enterprise. Taylor and
Francis: New York.
Rugman, Alan M. 2009. Theoretical aspects of MNEs from emerging
economies, In: Ramamurti R., Singh J.V., eds. Emerging
Multinationals in Emerging Markets. New York: Cambridge
University Press. p. 42-63.
On the MNE Subsidiary
Rugman, Alan M., & Verbeke Alain 2001. Subsidiary-specific advantages in
multinational enterprises. Strategic Management Journal
Rugman, Alan M., & Verbeke Alain, & Yuan W. 2011. Re-conceptualizing Bartlett
and Ghoshal’s classification of national subsidiary roles in the
multinational enterprise. Journal of Management Studies
On the the Regional MNE
Rugman Alan M., & Verbeke Alain 2004. A perspective on
regional and global strategies of multinational enterprises.
Journal of International Business Studies 35: 3-18.
For further publications, and his over
16,000 citations, see
his Google scholar site.
Alan Rugman at AIB
Left to right: Danny van den Bulcke, Peter Buckley, John Cantwell
(standing), Rajneesh Narula, Sarianna Lundan, Alan Rugman.